Correlation of the Flux of Energetic Rays and Particles with the Solar Cycle

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Physics Department, Payame Noor University (PNU), 19395-3697-Tehran, I. R. of Iran

2 Department of Physics, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran


A solar flare is a sudden flash that occurs near the solar surface. This
results in the emission of an extensive range of energy from the surface of the Sun.
These giant explosions generally contain X-rays and energy that tend to travel in all
directions at the speed of light. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are types of explosions
that occur on the solar surface. A CMEs releases a large amount of plasma and magnetic
field. Our main goal in this research is to prove that the reason for the release of charged
particles, protons, electrons and X-ray radiation, followed by the release of solar winds,
is the occurrence of flares and CMEs. The occurrence of this phenomenon is related
to other phenomena, such as the magnetic field of the Sun’s surface, the cycle of the
Sun’s activity, sunspots, the emission of charged particles of electrons and protons
from the solar corona, the rate of occurrence of CMEs from the corona, the average
and maximum speed of CME and X-ray radiation in the category Class X, which is the
highest energy category for X-ray radiation, is directly and closely related.


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