Damghan University PressIranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics2322-49247120200401Quantum Sensing with Cavity Optomechanical Array for Gravimetry: Optimization of Entanglement Transfer11017910.22128/ijaa.2020.377.1074ENZeynab FaroughiFaculty of Physics, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, IranAli AhanjDepartment of Physics, Khayyam UniversityJournal Article20201002Improvement of precision in gravimetry is an important problem in detecting the gravitational waves. In The first demonstration of using quantum optomechanical cavity in gravimetry has recently been reported. This experiment has been done by employing a cooled levitated nano-sphere as a mechanical oscillator in its ground state coupled to a cavity electrodynamics. Following this experiment, in a recent proposal, a quantum optomechanical system has been used for measuring of gravitational acceleration. A generic setup for gravimetry purposes, containing two couples optomechanical cavities, where mirrors play the role of oscillating parts. We study such quantum mechanical system, by investigation the dynamics of entanglement between different parts of two coupled cavity optomechanical cells. For such setup, optimal conditions for predesignated entanglement behavior, based on some important parameters of the system, like photon-photon and photon-phonon couplings, electromagnetic field strength and mechanical mode of moving mirrors are analyzed numerically. We show that there exist two different behaviors for entanglement according to selected values for the system parameters. https://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_179_cf30d20fdc898e6d8ae366536b1fb020.pdfDamghan University PressIranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics2322-49247120200401Omori’s Law in the Occurrence of Solar Flare : Approach of Hybrid Model111818010.22128/ijaa.2020.399.1079ENAmin NajafiDepartment of Basic Science, Faculty of Shahid Mofateh, Hamedan Branch, Technical &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp; Vocational University (TVU), Hamedan, Iran0000-0002-0496-8743Journal Article20210405Solar flares are large-scale phenomena that have a significant effect on the<br />Earth’s climate. Using the solar flare time series from January 1, 2006 to July 21, 2016,<br />we develop a complex network for predicting solar flares. In the work, hybrid model<br />is employed to construct complex network. In addition to the position of the flares<br />and their occurrence times, the energy of events based on the Telesca-lovallo model<br />is also used to develop solar flare network. Using constructed complex network, the<br />Omori’s law for fore flare and after flares associated with a main flare are retrieved. The<br />frequency of occurrence of solar flares decreases over time as a power law. Statistical<br />analysis of flaring events catalogues indicates that a power-law dependence characterizes<br />the occurrence of both fore flares and after flares corresponding to a main flare. The<br />hybrid model reconstructs the Omori’s law for fore flare–after flare process associated<br />with a main event.https://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_180_ff54f8b8df9ccefc5c4ef0fb519cd8ee.pdfDamghan University PressIranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics2322-49247120200401Simulation of Performance of SURA Particle Detectors as an External Trigger192418110.22128/ijaa.2020.402.1082ENMaryam AlibakhshFaculty of physics, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran;Gohar RastegarzadehFaculty of Physics ,Semnan University, Semnan, IranJournal Article20210415Semnan University Radio Array (SURA) with 4 LPDA antennas is recording the cosmic ray event on the roof of the University. As an external trigger, we are going to add three scintillator detectors to this array. In this work, by using CORSIKA code, simulation has been carried out for primary proton in the 100TeV-100PeV range of energies for different zenith angle. For these set of simulated shower reconstructed zenith angle and its uncertainty and core position are obtained and the effect of distance between the detectors on the zenith angle reconstruction investigated. Because the structure of the shower (thickness and curvature of the disk) affects the determination of the arrival direction, the angular resolution vs core distance is also studied. In addition, the study of the EAS hadronic cores is a useful tool to investigate the hadronic interaction models. We have shown that by increasing zenith angle and distance from the shower core, uncertainty increases.https://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_181_7c2f3c4df6e1d7012e985f0fd0443914.pdfDamghan University PressIranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics2322-49247120200401Space and Time Evolution of the Rupture for the 2010 August 27 Mw 5.8 Kuh-zar earthquake253118210.22128/ijaa.2020.407.1085ENNazila AsaadiPhysics Department, Zanjan University, Zanjan, Iran0000-0001-5297-1237Sonia BazarganInstitute of Geophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, IranJournal Article20210430This study investigated the spatiotemporal slip distribution of the 2010 August 27 Mw 5.8 Kuh-zar earthquake. Using the constrained non-negative least-squares linear slip inversion method, we calculated the amount of displacement on the fault plane. The spatial slip distribution of this earthquake has been estimated by Bazargan et al. (2018), while the delta is 0.1 s ( delta is sampling rate means10 samples in 1 second). Here, we re-evaluated the slip with delta = 0.2 s to improve their result. A great many inversions were carried to determine the optimal parameters used in the process such as rupture velocity and rise time. In this study, we used the same rupture velocity and rise time, namely 2.55 km/s and 1.8 s. In general, the rupture velocity is 80% to 90% of the shear wave velocity, except for the propagation of ultrasonic faults, in which it has dimensions equal to the P-wave velocity. Selecting the size of the rupture rate has a significant effect on the size of the slip and its area. Since the slip inversion results can have a high level of uncertainty, we tried to develop the previous results by using different delta and adding time evolution to the calculations. The spatiotemporal slip distribution of this event got a data fit of 48% with an 8 cm peak slip.https://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_182_5877754e20f659760b712c9017cb6405.pdfDamghan University PressIranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics2322-49247120200401The Effect of Steady Flow on the Physical Quantities of Slow mMagneto Acoustic Waves in Solar Coronal Plasma334518410.22128/ijaa.2020.416.1086ENAbbas AbediniUniversity of QomJournal Article20210521textbf{Damping of slow magnetohydrodynamic(MHD) waves and oscillations are believed to contribute to the heating of the solar corona. Since the launch of solar space telescopes, many observational evidences for the occurrence of slow MHD waves have been detected in various structures of the solar corona.}<br /><br />In this paper, the effect of steady flow of coronal plasma textbf{on the damping time and other physical quantities} of slow magneto-acoustic waves in the presence of thermal conduction and compressive viscosity is studied.<br /><br />The perturbed and linearized MHD Equations of a flowing coronal plasma are solved both analytically and numerically by Mac Cormack method to investigate the effect of steady flows on physical quantities of slow magneto-acoustic waves.<br /><br />The results of this study show that with increasing magnitude values of the Mach number from 0 to 0.6 and increasing the compressive viscosity and thermal conduction coefficient with increasing the temperature from 2 to 6 MK, the oscillation periods, the damping times and the damping qualities change significantly. Also, the results of this study show that the values and limits of the physical quantities calculated for magneto-acoustic waves in a flowing viscous plasma in the presence of thermal conduction at high temperatures (more than 4 MK) correspond to observational values. Moreover, the results indicate that background velocity of the coronal plasma is an effective factor in the damping of slow magneto-acoustic waves.https://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_184_9e3ceb566cb63f484cfe67a7c9bfb1b7.pdfDamghan University PressIranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics2322-49247120200401The Modified Form of the Gutenberg-Richter Law in Solar Flare Complex Network : Approach of Genetic Algorithm on the Thresholded Power-Law Behavior475618510.22128/ijaa.2020.423.1087ENAmin NajafiDepartment of Physics, Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Tehran, Iran.0000-0002-0496-8743Journal Article20210603The hybrid model approach is adopted to construct the solar flare complex network. The modified form of Gutenberg-Richter law is obtained as the frequency-magnitude distribution of the empirical data. The frequency-magnitude distributions of positive-definite data are sometimes observed to follow a power-law over several orders of size. There are reasons to the deviation of the frequency-magnitude distribution from an ideal power distribution. Among many alternative forms of the power-law function, we found that the threshold power-law is well fitted with solar empirical data at small values. A statistical method based on optimization of the $chi^{2}$-test by application of the genetic algorithm have been developed.<br />Here, the analytical details of a method based on genetic algorithm is presented to calculate the parameters of the frequency-Magnitude distribution of the empirical data sets. This method estimates the best parameters of the threshold power-law function as the frequency-magnitude distribution of the empirical data, as well.https://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_185_79109eb4339eafb758eb2998f703bb5e.pdf