%0 Journal Article
%T Modified Gauge Invariant Einstein-Maxwell Gravity and Stability of Spherical Perfect Fluid Stars with Magnetic Monopoles
%J Iranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
%I Damghan University Press
%Z 2322-4924
%A Ghaffarnejad, Hossein
%A Naderi, Leyla
%D 2024
%\ 01/03/2024
%V 10
%N 4
%P 365-383
%! Modified Gauge Invariant Einstein-Maxwell Gravity and Stability of Spherical Perfect Fluid Stars with Magnetic Monopoles
%K Magnetic monopoles
%K stability
%K stars
%K Dynamical system
%K spherical
%R 10.22128/ijaa.2024.759.1175
%X As an alternative gravity model, we consider an extended Einstein-Maxwell gravity containing a gauge invariance property. An extension is assumed to be an addition of a directional coupling between spatial electromagnetic fields with the Ricci tensor. We will see importance of the additional term in making a compact stellar object and the value of its radius. As an application of this model we substitute ansatz of the magnetic field of a hypothetical magnetic monopole which has just time independent radial component and for matter part we assume a perfect fluid stress tensor. To obtain spherically symmetric internal metric of the perfect fluid stellar compact object we solve the Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff equation with a polytropic form of equation of state as p(ρ) = aρ2. Using dynamical system approach we study stability of the solutions for which arrow diagrams show saddle (quasi stable) for a < 0 (dark stars) and sink (stable) for a > 0 (normal visible stars). We check also the energy conditions, speed of sound and Harrison-Zeldovich-Novikov static stability criterion for obtained solution and confirm that they make stable state.
%U https://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_390_3043c49c5f7689f75b3568e2b216959e.pdf