%0 Journal Article
%T Physics-Informed Deep Learning for Three Dimensional Black Holes
%J Iranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
%I Damghan University Press
%Z 2322-4924
%A Yaraie, Emad
%A Ghaffarnejad, Hossein
%A Farsam, Mohammad
%D 2023
%\ 12/30/2023
%V 10
%N 4
%P 335-356
%! Physics-Informed Deep Learning for Three Dimensional Black Holes
%K Machine learning, Deep learning, Black holes, Three dimensions, BTZ
%K Optimization, Loss function
%R 10.22128/ijaa.2023.694.1150
%X In this paper, we have designed an artificial neural network architecture to produce metric field of planar BTZ and quintessence black holes applying a data-driven approach andleveraging holography principle (according to AdS/DL (Anti de Sitter/ Deep Learning) correspondence given by [1]). Data has been collected by choosing minimally coupled massive scalar field with quantum fluctuations and we try to process two emergent and ground-truth metrics versus the holographic parameter which plays the role of depth of the neural network. Loss or error function which shows rate of deviation of these two metrics in presence of penalty regularization term reaches to its minimum value when values of the learning rate approach to the observed steepest gradient point. Values of the regularization or penalty term of the quantum scalar field has critical role to matching this two mentioned metric. Also, we design an algorithm which helps us to find optimum value for learning parameter and finally, we understand that loss function convergence heavily depends on the number of epochs and learning rate.
%U https://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_387_f3bef28fe0a5faab9271b484e81e4235.pdf