2019-02-22T15:21:22Z
http://ijaa.du.ac.ir/?_action=export&rf=summon&issue=16
Iranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
IJAA
2322-4924
2322-4924
2016
3
2
Spin and Isospin Asymmetry, Equation of State and Neutron Stars
Mohsen
Bigdeli
Nariman
Roohi
Mina
Zamani
In the present work, we have obtained the equation of state for neutron star matter considering the in uence of the ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic spin state. We have also investigated the structure of neutron stars. According to our results, the spin asymmetry stiens the equation of state and leads to high mass for the neutron star.
Neutron stars
Spin asymmetry
Equation of state
2016
12
01
73
80
http://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_60_96c170028a307ed4dcfbe959e754ff15.pdf
Iranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
IJAA
2322-4924
2322-4924
2016
3
2
Structure formation and generalized second law of thermodynamics in some viable f(R)-gravity models
S.
Asadzadeh
M.S.
Khaledian
K.
Karami
We investigate the growth of matter density perturbations as well as the generalized second law (GSL) of thermodynamics in the framework of f(R)-gravity. We consider a spatially ﬂat FRW universe ﬁlled with the pressureless matter and radiation which is enclosed by the dynamical apparent horizon with the Hawking temperature. For some viable f(R) models containing the Starobinsky, Hu-Sawicki, Exponential, Tsujikawa and AB models, we ﬁrst explore numerically the evolution of some cosmo-logical parameters like the Hubble parameter, the Ricci scalar, the deceleration param-eter, the density parameters and the equation of state parameters. Then, we examine the validity of GSL and obtain the growth factor of structure formation. We ﬁnd that for the aforementioned models, the GSL is satisﬁed from the early times to the present epoch. But in the farther future, the GSL for all models is violated. Our numerical results also show that for all models, the growth factor for larger structures, like the ΛCDM model, ﬁt the data very well.
Modiﬁed theories of gravity
Dark Energy
2016
12
01
81
106
http://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_67_41791de4cc23ca93df37407952c1bdda.pdf
Iranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
IJAA
2322-4924
2322-4924
2016
3
2
Formation of Large Structures in the Acceleration Universe with a Hybrid Expansion Law
Neda
Amjadi
Vahid
Abbasvand
D.M
Jassur
In the current paper, we have studied the eﬀect of dark energy on for-mation where dark energy exists in the background. For this purpose, we used both WMAP9 and Planck data to study how the radius changes with redshift in these mod-els. We used diﬀerent data sets to ﬁx the cosmological parameters to obtain a solution for a spherical region under collapse. The mechanism of structure formation for dark and baryonic matter is diﬀerent. When processed by gravitational instability, den-sity perturbations have given rise to collapsed dark matter structures, called halos. These dark matter halos oﬀer the backdrop for the subsequent formation of all col-lapsed baryonic structures, including stars, galaxies, and galaxy clusters. In Planck Data forΛCDM, with the presence of dark energy in the background, the formation of baryonic matter is delayed. Therefore, it is a factor for the largening of the baryonic matter radius. Accompanying dark energy is entailing an increment of dark matter virial radius. For WACDM Data, dark energy alongside time-dependent parameter of state and baryon acoustic oscillations are the reasons for the delay of dark matter formation and the radius reduction. Due to the lack of data without baryonic acoustic waves in the background, we are left unable to delineate its impact on the structures. In WCDM(BAO +H0) and WCDM(H0), the lack of BAO shows a critical role in the delaying of baryonic matter structure formation. Respectively, it causes growing virial radius of dark matter. BAO, without taking dark energy into accounts, is the reason for the increasing and decresing of radius of dark and baryonic matter. It also delays baryonic matter formation. In ΛCDM(BAO +H0) and ΛCDM(H0), We have studied ΛCDM data for standard model under two circumstances: (a) ΛCDM(BAO + H0),(b) ΛCDM(H0) data. Dark energy in this data delays formation and intensiﬁes virial radius of baryonic matter. Our studies show WCDM andΛCDM have the same eﬀect on formation if we do not consider dark energy in BG. Planck data, in comparing with WMAP, has important role in describing standard model.
Dark Energy
Scalar Fields
Baryonic Acoustic Waves
Standard Model
2016
12
01
107
119
http://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_68_4d36faa11f7d223e37a80bf871438755.pdf
Iranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
IJAA
2322-4924
2322-4924
2016
3
2
DASTWAR: a tool for completeness estimation in magnitude-size plane
Ali
Koohpaee
Mehdi
Khakian Ghom
Today, great observatories around the world, devote a substantial amount of observing time to sky surveys. The resulted images are inputs of source finder modules. These modules search for the target objects and provide us with source catalogues. We sought to quantify the ability of detection tools in recovering faint galaxies regularly encountered in deep surveys. Our approach was based on completeness estimation in magnitude - size plane. The adopted method was incorporating artificial galaxies. We improvised a software that estimates completeness in a given interval of magnitude and size. The software generates artificial galaxies and iteratively inserts them to the source finder modules input image. Evaluating the ratio of the number of detected to the number of inserted artificial galaxies provides us with means to estimate completeness. Completeness estimation is helpful in selecting unbiased samples.
Galaxies: structure
galaxies: size
magnitude
2016
12
01
121
130
http://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_81_663f4c02537428d7b4f3ef481e79bde5.pdf
Iranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
IJAA
2322-4924
2322-4924
2016
3
2
Spherically Symmetric Solutions in a New Braneworld Massive Gravity Theory
Amir
Asaiyan
Kourosh
Nozari
In this paper, a combination of the braneworld scenario and covariant de Rham-Gabadadze-Tolley (dRGT) massive Gravity theory is proposed. In this setup, the five-dimensional bulk graviton is considered to be massive. The five dimensional nonlinear ghost-free massive gravity theory affects the 3-brane dynamics and the gravitational potential on the brane. Following the solutions with spherical symmetry on the brane, the full field equations together with the generalized Israel-Darmois junction conditions on the brane and their weak field limits are presented in details. Generally, the theory has four Stuckelberg fields along with the components of physical metric. Although analytical solutions of these equations are impossible in general, by considering some simplifying assumptions, two classes of four-dimensional spherically symmetric solutions on the brane with different background Stuckelberg fields are obtained.
Braneworld Gravity
Massive Gravity
Black Holes
2016
12
01
131
148
http://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_82_a1f4c7a158c44624ca738becda8f280e.pdf
Iranian Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics
IJAA
2322-4924
2322-4924
2016
3
2
Simulation Calibration of an Extensive Air Shower array, by a logged data set of its small prototype
Mehdi
Khakian Ghomi
Alborz observatory is an EAS array in the heights of Alborez mountain chain near Tehran. For the development of the array, more number of detectors is inevitable. The managing the financial resources and achieving the highest efficiency of the array is important for the project. Therefore, Water Cherenkov Detectors has been used for 9 months in the same way as the previous experiment with Scintillation Detectors in a 4-fold square arrangement. After a hardware calibration procedure, the experimental data set was simulated by CORSIKA code and the experimental restrictions were applied over the data set. In this work, the simulation is calibrated with the real experimental results, and it presents a comparable parameter between the experiment and the simulation. The obtained results show that the simulation is in agreement with the experimental results.
Extensive Air Shower (EAS)
Cosmic Rays
Water Cherenkov Detector(WCD)
2016
12
01
149
165
http://ijaa.du.ac.ir/article_83_84b4faebfeac698555fe0cf6d8c80349.pdf